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Roses can provide years of enjoyment if grown correctly. Soak the roots of your plants in water for 1-2 hours before planting. Cut long canes back to 9 inches, just above an outward facing bud, and cut any damaged canes or roots. Choose a sunny location and plant in well-drained soil. Space roses 2-3 feet apart, digging holes approximately 12 inches deep and 18 inches wide. In the center of each hole make a cone-shaped mound of soil to hold the roots. Place the roots of the bush on the tip of the mound and spread the roots down the sides. Add soil until it barely covers the “bud union” – the point where the roots meet the stem. Water thoroughly at planting time and frequently in summer and fall. Fertilize regularly during the growing season until mid-August. In cold climates, protect roses in winter with soil or mulch. Remove cover gradually in spring. Spring is also the best time to prune roses. Shape strong canes to a uniform height of 9-12 inches.
Climbing Rose – Tie climbers loosely to a support. If you're not planting near a fence or wall, use a trellis.
Ground Cover Roses – Make slight cuts in the bottoms of trailing canes and secure cut portions to the ground with a light covering of soil. This method encourages thick growth for a great rose carpet.
Miniature Roses – Follow general planting instructions, but prune canes to only 4” long. Dig hole 6 to 8 inches deep and space a foot or two apart. Provide plenty of sunlight and water for these tiny roses. Mulch in winter.
For indoor natural roses: Place in 4 or 5 inch pot of well-drained houseplant soil. Water immediately after planting. Keep soil moist(not soggy) and keep in full sun. Fertilize established plant after 4-6 months. When blooming stops (usually after 2-3 months), prune lightly.
Hedge Roses and Shrub Roses – Plant 1 ½ to 3 feet apart in slightly acidic, well-drained soil - use organic material to up the acidity. Choose a spot that receives at least six hours of sun each day. In spring, prune 1/3 to ½ of the previous year’s growth.